Contract Law Enforcement (CLE) Program

The Joint KJC- CLE Backlog Reduction Initiative (BRI)

The USAID Contract Law Enforcement (CLE) Program supports the Kosovo Judicial Council (KJC) and the Courts to overcome systematic problems that have led to the accomulation of a large backlog of unenforced court judgments. CLE supports the KJC and the Courts in two ways: 1) "Case Categorization"- and initiative to digitize judgment case files for more efficient management, and 2) assisting court enforcement personnel with organizing their work for greater efficiency, including great emphasis on performng enforcement against debtor's bank accounts.

The CLE team, consiting of six (6) lawyers supports the Basic Courts' enforcement personnel with entering information from all the paper case files into an electronic database. To date, more than 100,000 civil cases have been digitalized. In addition, the Contract Law Enforcement Program supports the efforts of local institutions to improve the ability of the courts to receive information from governmental institutions, including the Tax Adminsitration, the Central Bank, and others. One example of efforts to make greater information available is the Central Bank of Kosovo's Unique Account Holder Registry which is used to support enforcement of judgments through bank accounts.

There are a couple of legal acts which are applicable to the enforcement of judgments. Below please see the relevant legal acts including KJC and Central Bank of Kosovo regulations, reports and other documents:

  1. Law on Enforcement Procedure
  2. Law on Contested Procedure
  4. Instruction on the Enforcement of Executive Decisions by debiting clients Accounts on the Enforcement of Executive Decisions by debiting clients accounts
  5. Council of Europe Recommendation on Enforcement
  6. Guidelines for a better implementation of the CoE on enforcement
  7. Kosovo Judicial Council Reports
  8. Kosovo Judicial Council National Backlog Reduction Strategy